Once-daily INCRUSE is a prescription medicine used long term to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or both, for better breathing and fewer flare-ups. INCRUSE is not used to relieve sudden breathing problems and won't replace a rescue inhaler.
WHAT IS COPD?
COPD is a condition that makes it hard to breathe. When you breathe, air travels through tubes in your lungs, also called airways, to millions of tiny air sacs. In a healthy lung, air easily moves in through the airways and fills the air sacs, and then is quickly released back out. For someone with COPD, it’s much tougher for air to move through the airways and into the air sacs and back out. A doctor may be able to diagnose COPD through a test called spirometry, which measures how much air you can breathe into your lungs and how quickly you can release it. Other tests or chest x-rays may help your doctor with diagnosing COPD. These breathing difficulties tend to worsen over time.
Millions of Americans are affected by COPD
have it and don't even know it.
There are several potential causes of COPD
Cigarette smoking is the most common cause of COPD. Most people who have COPD smoke or used to smoke. It's possible to have COPD even if you have never smoked. Secondhand cigarette smoke can also be a cause of COPD. There are several other potential causes of COPD, including:
How does COPD disrupt airflow?
COPD disrupts the airflow in and out of your lungs and reduces your lung function. Some of the reasons are:
- Airways and air sacs lose elasticity.
- The walls separating the air sacs become permanently damaged.
- The walls of the airways become thick and inflamed.
- The airways make more mucus than usual, which can clog them.
There are different types of COPD
COPD can include emphysema, chronic bronchitis, or both. Either emphysema or chronic bronchitis may reduce lung function, resulting in COPD symptoms that can make it difficult to breathe.
is a disease that damages the air sacs and may damage the small airways in the lungs. This significantly reduces your ability to expel the normal amount of air from the lungs. This causes shortness of breath and prevents the lungs from delivering oxygen into the blood.
involves increased cough and mucus production caused by inflammation of the airways. Bronchitis is considered chronic (or long term) if you cough and produce excess mucus most days for several months during 2 years in a row.